Ducks and imprinting information at PumpjackPiddlewick

Imprinting. It’s what ducks do. Normally, they imprint on another duck. But not always.

But what is imprinting? “Imprinting is, (according to the Encyclopedia Britannica) in psychobiology, a form of learning in which a very young animal fixes its attention on the first object with which it has visual, auditory, or tactile experience and thereafter follows that object. In nature the object is almost invariably a parent.”

In other words, the baby thinks what it more or less first sees is ‘Mom’.

Imprinting and Birds

Imprinting has been particularly studied in birds, especially chickens, geese and ducks. But, it is known to happen in other species, including mammals, such as us humans (where it is known as bonding).

In the case of ducks, when they hatch, they are looking for ‘Mom’. That is, the one who will protect them. If separated from their actual mom, they will look to another to be that lead role. This easily can be humans, but has also be known to be dogs, even the odd cat!

Duck Sounds

A Mom, whether in the wild or domestic, is anticipated to teach some necessities. Like in human life, children learn words and what they mean. Ducks learn sounds and what those mean. They could be a call to ‘found food, come eat’, ‘follow me’, or ‘danger!’.

I have been a Mom to 2 imprinted ducks in my life, thus far. Both I had to rescue and thus I chose to be imprinted on. (It is not something to choose lightly.) The trouble is, as a human mom to a duck, the expected duck sounds are not naturally inherent.

Over the time I spent with Maggie, my first imprinted duck, and my other ducks I have learned many duck sounds and what they mean. (Mallards actually have a language of 250 sounds.) They in turn have learnt the meaning of certain sounds I make. And like dogs, you can teach them to understand certain commands.

Choosing Imprinting

Now imprinting is really cute. I mean really, really cute. Having this tennis sized ball of fluff duckling follow you as fast as its little legs will run, peep at you and snuggle into your shoulder… what’s not to love? Except, like human children, they require you to be their parent until the grow up and leave the nest (as it were).

Yes, this is quicker than in the human world, but it still takes time. If you wish to have or find yourself deciding on letting a duck imprint, be aware you are looking at at least a year before you will have some form of independence. They are very similar to having children in their attention needs and dependence.

As ducklings, they are completely dependent on you, just like a baby. And will take as much time and attention as a baby, And need cleaning up after, just like a baby. You can even diaper your duck.


Ducks reach adolescence at around 2 months old (boy ducks voices actually change, that’s one of the first ways you can determine the sex of your duck). Then as they become proper teenagers, they start to get fashion orientated and grow their respective plumage. That is, they start to look like the duck breed they are from.

Like most teenagers they would rather not be seen with their parents, though no surprise they still need you for home and food. If you have other ducks they will start to want to hang out with them.

The Ugly Duckling

If your other ducks are not imprinted, you may find that your imprinted duck gets bullied. After all, as a non-duck you couldn’t teach them all the proper duck skills. Maggie really was disliked by my other, older, ducks. Because of this she stayed closer to me for longer.

I finally did gain back a modicum of freedom when she reached 4 months old and wanted to test her wings, both literally and figuratively. But that opened a whole other can of worms, having to keep an eye on her as she learned to fly, and would get lost.


Regarding imprinting and independence, much depends on if you have other ducks. Ducks, like all birds, are flock animals. They need to be with others. If you have a single imprinted duck, you can anticipate that you are and will always be their flock. They will not want to be without you, at any time. (You’ve probably heard of parrots going mad when left alone or given enough attention?)

The flock does not always have to be ducks. My Maggie flocked with us and my cats when she was growing up. But I only gained real independence from her when she had a flock of other ducks to hang out with.

With imprinting on my mind, I made the decision to save one of Maggie’s newly hatched ducklings. He was suffering from niacin deficiency. By choosing to take him under my wing (euphemism) I knew that, if he lived, he would end up imprinting on me.

And so, Gabby became my second imprinted duck. He was a talkative duckling, so as I first suspected a girl and called him Gabby. (Yes, when young, the girls do talk more. It swaps a bit as they get older.) And, with imprinting I was back in the realm of motherhood. Only having one hand free generally and always having to watch where I stepped for the next, oh, 2 or 3 months.

PS: Love Ducks?

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